WELCOME TO RWANDA, THE LAND OF 1000 HILLS.
The Republic of Rwanda is a landlocked country situated in the heart of Africa, it’s a small and beautiful country commonly referred to as the country of 1000 hills, with an area of 26,338 square kilometers (10,169 sq mi), sharing its borders with Uganda in the north; Tanzania to the east; Burundi to the south; and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. The country is noted for its lakes, particularly Lake Kivu, which occupies the floor of the Rift Valley along most of the country's western border.
Mountains dominate central and western Rwanda, with the Albertine branch of the Great Rift Valley running from north to south along the country's western border. The highest peaks are found in the Virunga Mountains volcano chain in the north-west; this includes Mount Karisimbi, Rwanda's highest point at 4,507 metres (14,787 ft). This western section of the country, which lies within the Albertine Rift montane forests ecoregion, has an average elevation of 1,500 metres (4,921 ft) to 2,500 metres (8,202 ft). The centre of the country is predominantly rolling hills, while the eastern border region consists of savanna, plains and swamps.
Rwanda has a temperate tropical highland climate, with lower temperatures than is typical for equatorial countries due to the high altitude. Rubona, in the centre of the country, has a typical daily temperature range between 14 °C (57 °F) and 25 °C (77 °F) with little variation through the year. There are some temperature variations across the country, with the mountainous west being generally cooler than the lower lying east. There are two rainy seasons in the year; the first runs from February to June and the second from September to December. These are separated by two dry seasons: the major one from June to September, during which there is often no rain at all, and a shorter and less reliable one from December to February. Rainfall also varies geographically, with twice as much average annual precipitation in the west as in the east.
The country has abundant wildlife, conserved in National parks including rare mountain gorillas which can be tracked in the Volcanoes national Park.
The largest cities in Rwanda are Kigali, Gitarama, and Butare. Unlike many African countries, Rwanda is home to only one significant ethnic and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda. The country is well known for its native styles of dance, particularly the Intore dance, and for its drummers. Kinyarwanda, English and French are the official languages.
In 1994, Rwanda had a Genocide. Between 500,000 and 1,000,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed in 100 days, in well-planned attacks ordered by the interim government. Since the end of the Genocide, Rwanda has enjoyed political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, tourism, and mining industries. When you visit the country memorial sites have been constructed, can have some time and visit these places, stories will be told how these Rwandanes killed themselves just because of ignorance.
Rwanda's economy suffered heavily during the 1994 genocide, with widespread loss of life, failure to maintain the infrastructure, looting and neglect of important cash crops, causing a large drop in GDP and destroying the country's ability to attract private and external investment. The country has since strengthened, with per-capita GDP (PPP) estimated at $951 in 2008, compared with just $390 in 1994.
Tourism is one of the fastest-growing sectors and is now the country's leading foreign exchange earner, generating US$214 million in 2008, up by 54% on the previous year. Despite the genocide, the country is increasingly perceived internationally as a safe destination, and one million people are estimated to have visited the country in 2008, up from 826,374 in 2007. The country's most popular tourist activity is the tracking of mountain gorillas, which takes place in the Volcanoes National Park. Other attractions include Nyungwe Forest National Park, home to chimpanzees, Ruwenzori colobus and other primates, the resorts of Lake Kivu, and Akagera national park, a small savanna reserve in the east of the country where interested tourists can go for game drives and nature walks the park hosts such animals like Elephants Hyenas,, Buffaloes, Giraffes, Zebras, Warthogs, Leopards, Lions, Hippos and Crocodiles.
- 3 Gorilla Tracking, Rwanda
- 4 Days Gorilla Tracking, Rwanda
- 5 Days Gorilla Tracking and Sightseeing
- 6 Days Primate Watch, Rwanda
- 8 Days Rwanda Safari